PVC Floor Covering
PVC floor coverings are produced by mixing PVC with some fillers and colorants. Its specific weight is around 2.00 kg / l. Thermal conductivity, water absorption, low oil absorption, high electrical and sound insulation. It is resistant to abrasion and to some extent burning.
PVC flooring tiles can be produced directly from PVC, or they can be produced in different qualities by adding fillers such as limestone powder and asbestos fiber in different proportions. As the rate of PVC increases, the material becomes flexible and its fragility decreases by increasing its abrasion resistance. These tiles are specially produced in two different thicknesses as 1.8 and 2 mm, commonly 25x25, 30x30, 50x50 cm or larger sizes.
PVC coatings can be produced in two types; They are homogeneous coatings with low PVC ratio (less than 20%) and high quality PVC coatings with thin transparent film on the top surface of multilayer filling material. Multilayer PVC coatings consist of two or three separate layers. PVC flooring materials are insensitive to oils (unfilled ones are less sensitive than filled coverings). All PVC coatings are sensitive to cold, fire and snow.
Recently, asbestos fibers have been removed from its composition and the tiles have been tried to be strengthened by adding glass fiber and other synthetic fibers (such as polyester) instead. Pattern features have been improved greatly and patterns have been created in almost every material appearance. Several layers of PVC were used in the formation of those with high quality. The top wear layer is formed by a special transparent vinyl coating.
There are two types of PVC tiles as rigid and flexible. Flexible floor tiles can be bent without being heated, hard tiles gain flexibility when heated. PVC tiles are made with 450-500 dose cement mortar and glazed with a steel trowel and adhered with a special adhesive on the well dried screed. When pouring the screed, the joints should be left in order to prevent cracks due to thermal expansion. An elastic material such as low density polyurethane should be applied to fill the joints. PVC tiles are laid side by side without leaving any joints. Tiles can be applied cold or by heating in torch flame. Especially, asbestos types should be applied by heating in cold weather to prevent breakage. The surface should be polished well with linoleum polish. In applications where there is no pattern, it should be started from the right angle corner. When it comes to creating a pattern with tiles of different colors, an application should be preferred starting from the middle of the space towards the edges. During cleaning, different solvents that will dissolve the adhesive should not be poured on the surface in any way.
PVC floor coverings are also produced in rolls of 2, 3 and 4 m width, apart from tiles. In this case, after the rolls are laid on the floor to be laid, they are expected to adapt to the temperature and humidity conditions of that place for two weeks. Thus, the material adapts itself to that space conditions. After that, overlapping joints are cut at once and adhered to the floor again with a special adhesive.
For the adhesion of PVC flooring coatings to the substrate, latex rubber dispersion synthetic resin (aqueous emulsion) type glue should be used, which is suitable for acrylic dispersion, such adhesives are resistant to alkali moisture, easily applicable, have a high initial holding rate, non-flammable and resistant to wheeled items.
GENERAL FEATURES OF PVC FLOOR COVERINGS
Resistant to corrosion.
High alkali resistance.
Resistant to oil.
Easy to clean and maintain.
Resistant to pressure.
CLEANING AND MAINTENANCE
Vacuuming, dry and wet mopping and washing can be done. Polishes recommended by the manufacturer can be used. Neutral detergent can be used for stain. Light brushing can be done in very dirty areas.
PVC FLOOR COATING PRICES
PVC flooring prices vary according to the properties of the material to be used and the place to be applied. To get PVC floor covering price, you can fill out our contact form.